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Burns 101

If you understand burn injuries, you will understand how important the BurnFree product line is in the first aid treatment of burn injuries.

Burn wounds can be complicated. However, there are two main principles to the first aid treatment of burn injuries: 1— Cool the burn to limit the severity of the burn injury, 2 — Relieve the pain felt by the patient by covering exposed nerve endings. The basic facts relating to burn injuries are important to understand.

Burn Classifications

Burn injuries are classified according to the extent and depth of the injury. An accurate estimate of the extent of the burn wound is important in determining the need for hospitalization and the initial and definitive treatment required for the victim.


First degree burns

First-degree Burn

First-degree burns are moist and red in color and are painful. There are usually no blisters with a first-degree burn and they often heal within seven days. Sunburn is a typical first-degree burn. Treat a first-degree burn as a minor burn unless it involves substantial portions of the hands, feet, face, groin or buttocks, or a major joint, which requires emergency medical attention.


Second degree burns



Second-degree (Partial Thickness Burn)

If the second-degree burn is no larger than 3 inches (7.6 centimeters) in diameter, treat it as a minor burn. If the burned area is larger or if the burn is on the hands, feet, face, groin or buttocks, or over a major joint, treat it as a major burn and get medical help immediately.



Third/Fourth degree burns


Third/Fourth-degree (Full-Thickness Burn)

The skin is charred and leathery and often depressed from the surrounding tissue when a third or fourth-degree burn has occurred. With a fourth-degree burn the bone is charred. These burns usually are not painful because the nerve endings have been destroyed. These burns require medical care, typically involving skin grafting.

Contact Us

Water-Jel Technologies, Inc. -
a Safeguard Medical company
50 Broad Street
Carlstadt, NJ 07072
Phone: 2015078300

Safeguard International, Ltd.
3&4 The Mead Business Ctr., Mead Lane
Hertford, Herts SG13 7BJ
United Kingdom

About Us

For nearly 20 years militaries, EMTs and medical professionals across the globe have used BurnFree to cool and soothe burns, making BurnFree a leading brand in first aid burn care products. When used as directed, BurnFree provides immediate relief from the pain of burns, and minimizes the depth of burn injuries through its cooling action.